Some areas of the U.S. experience frequent hailstorms that cause interruptions in power and activities, as well as significant damage to property. Texas is one of the top five states that experienced the most frequent hail events in recent years. Understanding hail season in the state can help you to avoid some of the inconvenience and damage that regularly occurs. Here are a few facts about hail season in Texas that you should know.

Why Do Hailstorms Occur?

Hail results when small amounts of water are carried by updrafts into colder layers in the atmosphere. There, the water freezes. When the air can no longer hold the heavier frozen water, it begins to fall out of the sky in the form of hair stones. Hail can be as small as a pea or as large as softball. Cold fronts that do not make it further south in the state contribute to the frequency of hail events in North Texas. Generally, from March through May, Texas residents tend to see the most frequent hailstorms. However, the severity of hail season can vary widely from one year to the next.

Common Damage from Hailstorms

Hail causes billions of dollars of damage to property each year. Roofing, vehicles, and outdoor equipment incur the most damage from hailstorms. However, hail can even kill livestock. Windows, skylights, glass doors and other vulnerable structures of the home can also receive serious damage.

Ways You Can Prevent Damage During Hail Season

Monitor weather in your area during hail-prone seasons. Make sure your roof is in good condition to avoid further damage caused by hail. Consider storm shutters to protect glass doors and windows. Stay inside during a hail event and avoid being near windows, skylights and other features that can be damaged. If you are driving, pull over to a safe stop and turn away from windows, which can shatter. Cover your face with a blanket, coat, or sweater. Put your car inside the garage or cover with a thick blanket or quilted type covering.

For most areas of the U.S., a hailstorm event is a rarity that is cause for comment and discussion. In the state of Texas, hail is a fact of life that most residents learn to manage at certain times of the year. Taking special precautions can help to reduce the chances of incurring serious damage to property from these sudden natural events.